By Brandie Piper and Eva Barbosa
Published Sept. 16, 2015 on Discover.Monsanto.com.
Many Americans celebrate Cinco de Mayo with margaritas, Mexican beer, tortilla chips, salsa and an array of other Mexican foods, with the misunderstanding that it is Mexico’s Independence Day. But did you know that Sept. 16 is the actual Mexican Independence Day, which is known as Grito de Dolores – meaning “Cry of Dolores?” The one thing both celebrations have in common is food made from corn, which originated in Mexico. Let’s learn a little more about Mexico and corn.
First, here’s a bit of history about Mexico’s Independence. Grito de Dolores marks the start of the country’s War of Independence from Spain on Sept. 16, 1810. On that morning, Fr. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a beloved Catholic priest who ordered the arrest of Spaniards in the town of Dolores, rang church bells and shouted “Mexicanos, viva Mexico,” encouraging Mexicans to take back land stolen from their predecessors by the Spaniards.
The Mexican War of Independence lasted 11 years, culminating in 1821 with the signing of the Treaty of Cordoba, which recognized Mexico as its own nation. Each year, Hidalgo’s “Cry of Dolores” is marked by the country’s president and local community leaders reciting a new version of the “Shout of Dolores.”… (continue reading)